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Culture of Tajikistan

Culture plays an important role in Tajikistan being a symbol of spiritual image of the people and combining the intellectual power, contemporary and ancient history, traditions, good morals and other national shrines.

Tajik people made a significant contribution to the spiritual treasury of human civilization; they gave the world outstanding scientists, philosophers, writers, poets and architects, whose works became an important part of scientific and cultural legacy accumulated by the global civilization. Best examples are works of the founder of Tajik and Persian literature Abuabdullo Rudaki who is believed to be the first poet of Islam period, immortal national epic poem Shakhname by Abdulkosim Firdousi that conveys legendary history of Persians and Tajiks, and Canon of medical science by Abuali-Ibn-Sino (Avicenna) which for many centuries remained main medical guidance in every Europe’s university. Such scientists as Al-Khorezmi, Al-Farabi and Al-Beruni, stars of world poetry as Omar Khayyam, Rumi, Saadi, Khafiz, Jami, such art masters as Borbad, Mani, Bekhzod were famous way beyond ancient Sogd, Samanids’ state, Khorasan and Mavrennahr, all of which covered territory of the present day Central Asia.

Achievements of the contemporary Tajikistan’s national culture are also of great importance. Independence has created a solid base for discovery of new cultural and performing events, improvement of national traditions, attracting youth to the creative work, strengthening cultural ties between different regions of the country.

Currently there are 2320 social and cultural institutions in the Republic of Tajikistan, including 17 professional theatre institutions, 5 concert halls, 96 educational institutions in the field of culture and arts consisting of 3 higher education institutions, 6 colleges of culture, dancing and art studies, 2 national special secondary education boarding schools in the field of music and arts, 84 children's schools of music and fine arts, 1355 public libraries (including 75 ones for children), 328 culture and community centers, 430 social clubs, 14 cultural and entertainment centers, 6 folk philharmonics, 44 entertainment parks, 23 folk theaters, 63 museums, 11 memorial houses, 23 musical and dance groups, 15 “Shashmaqom” performers groups, 7 “Falak” performers groups, 7 pop music groups, 10 folk and ethnographic dance groups, 12 dance groups and  2 local television broadcasting in the field of culture.

With a view to support and implement its cultural and scientific policy Republic of Tajikistan along with other UNESCO Member States proposes the country’s nominations to be included on the UNESCO Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists and UNESCO Calendar of Anniversaries of Great Personalities and Events, which is a good opportunity to introduce a national Tajik culture in the international arena.

It should be noted that according to the Resolution of the 38th Session of the UNESCO General Conference in 2015, the proposals of Tajikistan regarding commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the founder of Tajik choreography, film, opera and Tajik folk dance stage director Gaffor Valamatzoda, the 1250th anniversary of the Tajik scholar Hakim Tirmizi, and the joint proposal of Tajikistan and Iran on the celebration of the 1150th anniversary of Zakariyoi Rozi  have been included in UNESCO’s 2016-2017 calendar of important cultural achievements and celebrations.

Also worth noting is that on 31 July 2010 by the decision of the 34th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee the Proto-urban Site of Sarazm (which is located in Tajikistan and is an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE) was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. This event is one of the most important and successful achievements of Tajikistan National Commission for UNESCO.

Republic of Tajikistan has signed and ratified a number of intergovernmental agreements with foreign countries in the field of international cultural cooperation. Along with other countries, on 1 March 1992 there was also signed an Agreement on cooperation in the field of culture and information between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of the Republic of Turkey.

Cultural relations between Republic of Tajikistan and Republic of Turkey are based on historical ties, common cultural heritage and closeness of the people of the two countries and further development of bilateral cooperation in this sphere is of high priority for Tajikistan. Having successful cooperation during all these years Tajikistan and Turkey have identified development prospects of cultural relations, contributing to the further development of mutual understanding and comprehensive collaboration between the two countries.


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